in Communication Models,Interpersonal Communication

It is a Circular Model, so that communication is something circular in nature

Encoder – Who does encoding or Sends the message (message originates)

Decoder – Who receives the message

Interpreter – Person trying to understand (analyses, perceive) or interpret

Note: From the message starting to ending, there is an interpretation goes on. Based on this interpretation only the message is received.

This model breaks the sender and receiver model it seems communication in a practical way. It is not a traditional model.

It can happen within our self or two people; each person acts as both sender and receiver and hence use interpretation. It is simultaneously take place e.g. encoding, interpret and decoding.

Semantic noise is a concept introduced here it occurs when sender and receiver apply different meaning to the same message. It happens mostly because of words and phrases for e.g. Technical Language, So certain words and phrases will cause you to deviate from the actual meaning of the communication.

Note: When semantic noise takes place decoding and interpretation becomes difficult and people get deviated from the actual message.

Advantage of Osgood- Schramm model of communication

  1. Dynamic model- Shows how a situation can change
  2. It shows why redundancy is an essential part
  3. There is no separate sender and receiver, sender and receiver is the same person
  4. Assume communication to be circular in nature
  5. Feedback – central feature.

Disadvantage of Osgood- Schramm model of communication

This model does not talk about semantic noise and it assume the moment of encoding and decoding.

{ 125 comments… read them below or add one }

Mohammed Manu November 5, 2013 at 9:21 pm

This type of model is self explanatory, as such it’s needable in Teaching -Learning session

evans November 27, 2013 at 11:37 am

thx so much Osgood

MOSES November 28, 2013 at 5:14 pm

Pliz give the application

Mary Iddy December 8, 2013 at 5:15 pm

the article is so supporting in studies

simbwa muhammedi December 9, 2013 at 10:45 pm

wow! do you know that these were gineous people because they discovered this even before i chudi man was born ?

winnfred December 18, 2013 at 9:58 pm

its very educative

sophy January 26, 2014 at 2:48 pm

it is amazing

K,onyango james March 6, 2014 at 7:12 pm

i appreciate,you saved me

McKINNON TAFADZWA CHINOWE April 12, 2014 at 2:08 am

This is wonderful, this model equalise both the sender and reciever to play the same role, however, the fedback may be delayed.

momal April 17, 2014 at 12:57 pm


yusuf babangida umar April 21, 2014 at 4:34 am

very educative ….but I think this model needs an introduction …..just

eliza (mku ) April 22, 2014 at 6:47 pm

wow, great people

ige adejoke May 13, 2014 at 3:18 am

It just added to my knowledge. Tanks

Tessah May 22, 2014 at 6:56 am

Useful information for background knowledge, Thanks!

Annkulet June 24, 2014 at 12:42 am

Very Educative! It gives me more ideas. Thanks.

Whenilyn June 30, 2014 at 5:30 pm

its good but i suggest emphasize more the details

Miko July 20, 2014 at 11:09 am


gidyon thompson July 30, 2014 at 4:39 pm

in this model it is clear dat at d point where d point A plays the role of an encoder point B plays d role of a decoder. and wen B encodes in a feedback system A decodes though interpretation of transmitted message is important

WAMALWA DAVIS September 25, 2014 at 11:58 pm

is these facts or mere opinions??????

otieno rodgers September 29, 2014 at 1:51 pm

what are the applications of the model in day to day life

abduly mnyamani November 1, 2014 at 11:09 am

wel contribution

pearson November 17, 2014 at 7:07 pm


Erick bifa December 5, 2014 at 12:49 am

nice and very convincing

Bukarasa December 8, 2014 at 10:43 am

The article is much interesting

Moaz Saqib December 8, 2014 at 8:23 pm

very helpful….

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