in Communication Models,Interpersonal Communication

It is a Circular Model, so that communication is something circular in nature

Encoder – Who does encoding or Sends the message (message originates)

Decoder – Who receives the message

Interpreter – Person trying to understand (analyses, perceive) or interpret

Note: From the message starting to ending, there is an interpretation goes on. Based on this interpretation only the message is received.

This model breaks the sender and receiver model it seems communication in a practical way. It is not a traditional model.

It can happen within our self or two people; each person acts as both sender and receiver and hence use interpretation. It is simultaneously take place e.g. encoding, interpret and decoding.

Semantic noise is a concept introduced here it occurs when sender and receiver apply different meaning to the same message. It happens mostly because of words and phrases for e.g. Technical Language, So certain words and phrases will cause you to deviate from the actual meaning of the communication.

Note: When semantic noise takes place decoding and interpretation becomes difficult and people get deviated from the actual message.

Advantage of Osgood- Schramm model of communication

  1. Dynamic model- Shows how a situation can change
  2. It shows why redundancy is an essential part
  3. There is no separate sender and receiver, sender and receiver is the same person
  4. Assume communication to be circular in nature
  5. Feedback – central feature.

Disadvantage of Osgood- Schramm model of communication

This model does not talk about semantic noise and it assume the moment of encoding and decoding.

{ 47 comments… read them below or add one }

Mohammed Manu November 5, 2013 at 9:21 pm

This type of model is self explanatory, as such it’s needable in Teaching -Learning session

evans November 27, 2013 at 11:37 am

thx so much Osgood

MOSES November 28, 2013 at 5:14 pm

Pliz give the application

Mary Iddy December 8, 2013 at 5:15 pm

the article is so supporting in studies

simbwa muhammedi December 9, 2013 at 10:45 pm

wow! do you know that these were gineous people because they discovered this even before i chudi man was born ?

winnfred December 18, 2013 at 9:58 pm

its very educative

sophy January 26, 2014 at 2:48 pm

it is amazing

K,onyango james March 6, 2014 at 7:12 pm

i appreciate,you saved me

McKINNON TAFADZWA CHINOWE April 12, 2014 at 2:08 am

This is wonderful, this model equalise both the sender and reciever to play the same role, however, the fedback may be delayed.

momal April 17, 2014 at 12:57 pm


yusuf babangida umar April 21, 2014 at 4:34 am

very educative ….but I think this model needs an introduction …..just

eliza (mku ) April 22, 2014 at 6:47 pm

wow, great people

ige adejoke May 13, 2014 at 3:18 am

It just added to my knowledge. Tanks

Tessah May 22, 2014 at 6:56 am

Useful information for background knowledge, Thanks!

Annkulet June 24, 2014 at 12:42 am

Very Educative! It gives me more ideas. Thanks.

Whenilyn June 30, 2014 at 5:30 pm

its good but i suggest emphasize more the details

Miko July 20, 2014 at 11:09 am


gidyon thompson July 30, 2014 at 4:39 pm

in this model it is clear dat at d point where d point A plays the role of an encoder point B plays d role of a decoder. and wen B encodes in a feedback system A decodes though interpretation of transmitted message is important

WAMALWA DAVIS September 25, 2014 at 11:58 pm

is these facts or mere opinions??????

otieno rodgers September 29, 2014 at 1:51 pm

what are the applications of the model in day to day life

abduly mnyamani November 1, 2014 at 11:09 am

wel contribution

pearson November 17, 2014 at 7:07 pm


Erick bifa December 5, 2014 at 12:49 am

nice and very convincing

Bukarasa December 8, 2014 at 10:43 am

The article is much interesting

Moaz Saqib December 8, 2014 at 8:23 pm

very helpful….

vicent Augustino January 23, 2015 at 8:48 pm

good model.

Alfred Kusa February 7, 2015 at 3:01 pm

Nice work osgoods

Alfred Kusa February 7, 2015 at 3:03 pm

thags for enriching our mind….good work

vic mbalu February 24, 2015 at 12:55 pm

its good buh the meanings of encoder and decoder diifers from shannon and weaver meaning ,,

Desmond Kitchnoge March 24, 2015 at 10:57 am

helped fairly in my project… thanks!

ashish chaudhary March 24, 2015 at 10:31 pm

very helpfull for all srtudents

Hamson Twinomujuni April 8, 2015 at 2:29 pm

Keep it up

AUBREY CHIDZIWISANO April 12, 2015 at 5:10 pm

It’s great discovery in the field of communication processes

Peter Shabani April 18, 2015 at 4:16 pm

Thank you very much.Additionally, the model does not say anything about the medium through which message passes from the encoder to decoder.

hannah April 21, 2015 at 4:36 pm

its not complex

Twinkle April 22, 2015 at 4:30 am

9ice one. pls can u juz brk d chart down in words

kAd April 30, 2015 at 1:18 pm

In this sir wilbur sehramm and charles Osgood had not cleared the fact..ma mean in fact the communication done according to situation and the communication by decoder are done only by his mood or way to feedback andbhe said in 3 situations tht decoder have to encode n encorder hav to decode..

felix May 15, 2015 at 3:14 pm

applications of this model in classroom

edwin November 8, 2015 at 3:16 pm

Thats fantabulous

M saddam January 10, 2016 at 3:27 pm

Great I understand .its very helpful

M saddam January 10, 2016 at 3:27 pm

It’s very good .thanks for help .

Rehemael Robert February 14, 2016 at 3:26 am

So educative,thank u

Rehemael Robert February 14, 2016 at 3:27 am

Thank youu

t1 May 11, 2016 at 12:22 am

its applicability and relevance as compared to linear communication process is not well clarified
thoz r gd relevant points though

media sampath August 25, 2016 at 6:37 pm

well model of communication..two step model ..communication nois very importent to sucsussfull communication…but it is missing..it is disadvantage about model

Alfred Matthew August 30, 2016 at 7:36 pm

The model is good but it needs some modifications such as indicators of direction

mununuzi eclas September 1, 2016 at 7:16 pm

so fantastic thanx for that work

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