I and Thou was a concept introduced by a German theologian, Martin Buber in his book ‘Ich und Du’ which roughly means I and Thou (You). Buber offered up a new way at looking at communication between individuals by rooting his concept not on the individual or others but rather on the relationships and the […]

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Introduction Culture is a way of thinking and living whereby one picks up a set of attitudes, values, norms and beliefs that are taught and reinforced by other members in the group. This set of basic assumptions and solutions to the problems of the world is a shared system that is passed on from generation […]

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Organizational Control Theory

Introduction The Organizational Control Theory was formulated in the purpose of setting a timetable and to monitor and evaluate the fundamental and elemental operations in assessing how a human deportment is shaped and swayed by means of a particular driving force at a provided technique. This theory defines a deep-rooted expressive pursuit, carrying along both […]

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Arousal Theory

Introduction Securing optimum performance is considered as on the important thing in completing the task at hand. The optimum performance is reached when the ability to work is determined and the way in which s/he can be motivated so that the potential reaches 100%. Motivation that varies from person to person is also influenced by […]

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Conversation Theory

Introduction The conversation theory is a transdisciplinary learning theory. Developed by Gordon Pask in 1975, it is influenced by a range of cybernetics, linguistics, computer science concepts, cognitive psychology and neurophysiology. Cybernetics Is the study of controlled dynamic systems. Pask used a cybernetic approach to networks of concepts and interactions with a computer in order […]

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Positive Psychology

The term ‘positive psychology,’ may mislead many into viewing it as a ‘self-help’ philosophy that focuses on the power of positive thinking and on positively reaffirming oneself. But the actual discipline is much more. Its aim is to base the answers to what will make the world better on science rather than on opinions. Positive […]

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Cultural Identity Theory

Culture and Identity Culture is the values, beliefs, thinking patterns and behavior that are learned and shared and that is characteristic of a group of people. It serves to give an identity to a group, ensures survival and enhances the feeling of belonging. Identity is the definition of ones- self. It is a person’s frame […]

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Constructivism

The theory of constructivism has its roots in psychology, philosophy, science and biology. It is a post-structuralist theory of evolution and development. The term ‘constructivism’ was coined by Jean Piaget. The theory deals with knowledge construction and learning and talks about how structures, language activity and meaning are developed. Cognitive development and deep understanding are […]

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Drive Theory

Introduction The Drive Theory is an important concept in psychoanalysis. Developed by Sigmund Freud, it was presented in his book, ‘The Ego and the Id’, which was published in 1923. Throughout the decades, the Drive Theory has gone through various changes. It has also garnered a lot of critique. However, it is still considered a […]

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Intersectionality

Introduction The term ‘Intersectionality’ was first introduced by Kimberle Crenshaw when she was describing the problems faced by black women while seeking employment in the United States. This theory is an offshoot of the feminist movement and arose as a result of rising criticism of the feminist and anti-racist movement in 1960s and 1970s. The […]

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