Theory Z is a management philosophy that deals with organizational culture, quality that shows how employees view their management their set of beliefs, values and principles. It was proposed by a management scholar, William Ouchi who put forwarded a theory filled with Japanese elements but which also expounded American cultural practices. The American business practice […]

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Introduction Traditional products or solutions are designed based on a single bright idea that an individual creates and builds the product, finally ending with a search to find a suitable place to sell the product. The problem therefore is that solutions that are designed should fit with a customer’s other systems and existing ways of […]

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Theory X and Theory Y

Introduced by Douglas McGregor, Theory X and Theory Y talk about the diverging views that exist about how organizations function.  The two theories are sets of propositions and beliefs about human nature. McGregor assigned certain traits to each theory. His work showed that thoughts and beliefs might influence behavior. Theory X and Theory Y are […]

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Improving Problem Solving Skills

Introduction Problem-solving skills are an important part of our lives. Be it a mundane daily activity or at work, most of the time our work is centred around problems and how to solve them. In a managerial set up, most of the work is problem-centric. Be it solving a problem for a client, supporting someone […]

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Modernism

Introduction Modernism, faced opposition to the conservatism that prevailed in the late 19th century and early 20th century, which brought socially progressive trend of thought that encompasses the various culture related movements. The reason behind such movement took place in response to the feeling that ‘traditional’ forms of literature, art, architecture, religion, social and daily […]

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Victorianism

The term ‘Victorianism’ arose to describe the latter two-thirds of the 19th century. It was the time where the focus on restraint and dignity remained as an outward appearance to counterbalance simultaneously the reactionary social phenomenon called ‘hedonism’. Hedonism means hunt for the self-indulgent pleasure that occurred when the Victorian morality, social order and puritanism […]

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Conversation Analysis

Conversation Analysis is a specific form of investigation or enquiry. A conversation refers two or more individuals talking with one another just for the sake of talking. It is a form of sociability and reflects an individual’s ability and willingness to interact with others. At a basic level, conversation analysis is viewed as the study […]

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Dramaturgy

Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Erving Goffman is credited as being one of the chief proponents where he compares the human world to a theatre and drew comparisons between humans in everyday life and the actors that played roles on-stage. Dramaturgy tries to understand how order and […]

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Interpersonal Communication Skills in Workplace

Introduction Interpersonal communication can be described quite simply as face-to-face communication between two or more people. In the workplace, interpersonal skill is considered the lifeline of the office or the organization. All activities depend on effective communication. Hence, if there is a gap in interpersonal communication, the entire organization or unit may suffer from inefficiency […]

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Marxist Theory of Alienation

Birth of Alienation Theory Developed by Karl Marx, the Theory of Alienation or ‘Entfremdung’ posits that capitalism has distorted the human relations that are not controlled by the participants themselves. This, in turn, leads to separation of things that belong to each other naturally, which then results in antagonism in things that are in order. […]

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